Traumatic Brain Injuries
Traumatic brain injuries, or TBI, are characterized as abrupt damage to the brain. This sudden damage may be caused by:
- Closed Head Injury – When there is a blow or jolt to the head.
- Penetrating Injury – When an object pierces the skull.
Causes of Traumatic Brain Injury
There are a multitude of causes for a traumatic brain injury and the affects range from mild to severe. Common categorical causes include:
- – More prevalent in older adults over the age of 65 or in young children.
- Traffic Accidents – Collisions between two or more vehicles, sometimes involving one or more pedestrians, commonly result in TBI.
- Violence – Domestic violence, child abuse, shaken baby syndrome, and gunshot wounds cause TBI.
- Sports-Related Injuries – Participation in both amateur and professional contact sports that include football, baseball, soccer, boxing, hockey, skateboarding, and the list goes on can lead to TBI.
- Combat Related Injuries – Active duty military members who sustain injuries as a result of explosive blasts or other combat are highly susceptible to TBI.
Symptoms of Mild TBI
- Loss of Consciousness for a Few Seconds or Minutes
- Disoriented State
- Nausea or Vomiting
- Difficulty Sleeping
- Speech Problems
- Blurred Vision
- Mood Swings
- Feelings of Anxiety or Depression
- Difficulty Remembering or Concentrating
Symptoms of Moderate to Severe TBI
- Loss of Consciousness for Several Minutes or Hours
- Constant Headache
- Constant Nausea or Vomiting
- Pupil Dilation
- Numbness or Weakness in Extremities
- Balance & Coordination Issues
- Unusual Behavior, Combativeness, Agitation
- Slurred Speech
Treatment for TBI
Treatment varies depending on the cause and impact of the injury. For mild TBI, rest is the most important remedy. Over the counter medications may help with headache. It is very important that the recovery process takes place gradually before returning to normal activities. Untreated, repeated, or significant traumatic brain injury can have a long-term impact such as permanent disabilities. These include:
- A Reduction in Cognitive Ability
- Communication Problems
- Changes in Behavior
- Emotional Changes such as Mood Swings, Depression, & Anxiety
- Sensory Problems
- Degenerative Brain Disease
These will all need to be treated individually using a combination of therapy, medication, and in some instances, surgery may be recommended. Listen to the instructions of your health care provider and follow them exactly.
Schedule an Appointment
The dedicated medical team at Desert Care Network works diligently to diagnose and treat traumatic brain injury. Contact us to schedule an appointment to start the road to recovery.